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Not only was it problematic finding qualified British officers to command the companies and battalions of the Indian Army, there was also a shortage of trained Indians to be granted a Viceroy's Commission. Viceroy Commissioned Officers occupied a unique position between the junior British officers and the senior non-commissioned officers. During its year in France, the VCO's of the Meerut had also suffered heavy casualties. Prior to the war, when most operations of the Indian Army were along the North-West Frontier, there had never been a need to quickly produce VCOs. Consequently, those who were promoted to the rank of VCO was typically a long service soldier of many years of experience. With the heavy casualties of France, the system had not yet caught up to the realities of the new type of war they were fighting. Confronted with a type of war they had never expected to be a part of, morale among the Indian troops plummeted. As an added insult, when the Meerut and Lahore Divisions were withdrawn from France, they ceased receiving combat pay, even though they were being shipped Egypt, under threat from Ottoman force, and then to Mesopotamia, to actively take part in an offensive.

投稿日時 - 2015-12-09 00:25:57

QNo.9092791

困ってます

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以下のとおりお答えします。原文と訳文(注1つ)を併記します。

>Not only was it problematic finding qualified British officers to command the companies and battalions of the Indian Army, there was also a shortage of trained Indians to be granted a Viceroy's Commission. Viceroy Commissioned Officers* occupied a unique position between the junior British officers and the senior non-commissioned officers. During its year in France, the VCO's of the Meerut had also suffered heavy casualties.
⇒インド軍隊の中隊や大隊を統率する資格のある英国人将校を見つけるのは問題が多かったが、それだけでなく、総督の任務が与えられるべく訓練されたインド人の不足もあった。総督委任将校*は、英国青年将校と壮年非任官将校(下士官)との間の特異な地位を占めた。フランスでもその同じ年の間に、メールトのVCO*は重大な死傷者数を蒙っていた。
*Viceroy Commissioned Officers (VCO):方面軍の総指揮を任される将校。訳文中では「総督委任将校」としましたが、もっとよい適訳があるかも知れません。また、senior non-commissioned officers「壮年非任官将校」とは、年配ではあっても方面軍の総指揮を任されない将校のことです。

>Prior to the war, when most operations of the Indian Army were along the North-West Frontier, there had never been a need to quickly produce VCOs. Consequently, those who were promoted to the rank of VCO was typically a long service soldier of many years of experience. With the heavy casualties of France, the system had not yet caught up to the realities of the new type of war they were fighting.
⇒戦争に先がけて、インド方面軍の大半の軍事行動が北西前線に沿っていた時には、数人のVCO(総督委任将校)を迅速に生み出す必要は全然なかった。その結果、VCOの階級に昇進した人々は、一般に多年の経験をもつ年功勤続兵士であった。フランスでの重大な死傷者数によって、体制はいまだ、彼らの戦っている戦争のもつ新しいタイプの現実に追いついていなかった。

>Confronted with a type of war they had never expected to be a part of, morale among the Indian troops plummeted. As an added insult, when the Meerut and Lahore Divisions were withdrawn from France, they ceased receiving combat pay, even though they were being shipped Egypt, under threat from Ottoman force, and then to Mesopotamia, to actively take part in an offensive.
⇒彼らが、その一部であることを一度も予期したことのなかった戦争のタイプに対峙して、インド軍隊の間の士気が落ちた。さらに追加された屈辱として、メールトとラホールの師団がフランスから引き戻された時、たとえオスマントルコ軍の脅威下でのエジプト出兵であっても、それからメソポタミア(遠征)であっても、活発な攻撃に参戦するための戦闘手当ての受け取りが中断されたのである。

投稿日時 - 2015-12-09 10:56:10

お礼

回答有難うございました。

投稿日時 - 2015-12-09 12:57:38

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