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The Battle of Mărăști was one of the main battles to take place on Romanian soil in World War I. It was fought between July 22 and August 1, 1917, and was an offensive operation of the Romanian and Russian Armies intended to encircle and destroy the German 9th Army. The operation was planned to occur in tandem with the Nămoloasa offensive; however, this operation was abandoned before it began.At the beginning of July, based on the campaign plan drawn up in May by the High Command, final instructions were given to the 1st and 2nd Romanian Armies. The 1st Army was to carry out the principal attack around Nămoloasa and then, on terrain prepared by the latter, the 2nd Army, commanded by General Alexandru Averescu, was to carry out a second-order attack toward Mărăşti. The objective of the operation – the retaking of enemy positions from the Poiana Încărcătoarea–Răcoasa sector — was contained in Operations Order Nr. 1638.
Altogether the opposing sides were rather evenly matched, although the Romanian High Command had massed additional forces along the direction of the attacks planned for the 2nd Army, thus creating a more advantageous force equilibrium for Romania.
The combat units were as follows:
The 2nd Romanian Army had the following battle formations:
1st Order
4th Army Corps - commanded by General Gheorghe Văleanu
8th Infantry Division
11th Brigade from the 6th Infantry Division
In reserve:
6th Infantry Division less the 11th Brigade
10th Vânători Regiment
3rd Battalion from the 24th Infantry Regiment
2nd Army Corps – commanded by General Artur Văitoianu
6th Infantry Division less the 11th Brigade from the 4th Reserve Corps
3rd Infantry Division
2nd Order
1st Infantry Division less the 18th Regiment
2 mountain artillery divisions
1 heavy artillery division (152 mm)
7 long cannon batteries and shell launchers
The Gerok Group contained:
Ruiz Group
1 cavalry division
1 infantry division
8th Army Group

投稿日時 - 2017-05-22 21:47:01

QNo.9332333

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質問者が選んだベストアンサー

>The Battle of Mărăști was one of the main battles to take place on Romanian soil in World War I. It was fought between July 22 and August 1, 1917, and was an offensive operation of the Romanian and Russian Armies intended to encircle and destroy the German 9th Army. The operation was planned to occur in tandem with the Nămoloasa offensive; however, this operation was abandoned before it began.
⇒「マラシチの戦い」は、第一次世界大戦中にルーマニアの国土で起こった主要な戦いの1つであった。それは1917年7月22日と8月1日の間で戦われて、ドイツ第9方面軍を包囲し、破壊することを目的とするルーマニア・ロシア方面軍の攻撃的な作戦行動であった。その作戦行動は、ナモロアサ攻勢と相前後して始める予定であったが、こちらの作戦行動は開始前に断念された。

>At the beginning of July, based on the campaign plan drawn up in May by the High Command, final instructions were given to the 1st and 2nd Romanian Armies. The 1st Army was to carry out the principal attack around Nămoloasa and then, on terrain prepared by the latter, the 2nd Army, commanded by General Alexandru Averescu, was to carry out a second-order attack toward Mărăşti. The objective of the operation – the retaking of enemy positions from the Poiana Încărcătoarea–Răcoasa sector — was contained in Operations Order Nr. 1638.
⇒7月の初めに、最高司令部によって5月に作成された野戦計画に基づいて、最終指令が第1、第2ルーマニア方面軍に与えられた。第1方面軍はナモロアサ周辺で主要攻撃を行うことになっており、この後者(第1)によって準備される周囲環境において、第2方面軍はアレクサンドゥル・アベレスク将軍の指揮下にマラシチの方面へ第2隊形の攻撃を行うことになっていた。作戦行動の目的 ― ポイアナ・インカルカトアレア‐ラコアサ地区から敵の陣地を取り戻すこと — は、作戦行動指令1638番に含まれていた。

>Altogether the opposing sides were rather evenly matched, although the Romanian High Command had massed additional forces along the direction of the attacks planned for the 2nd Army, thus creating a more advantageous force equilibrium for Romania.
⇒対応する両側(方面軍)は均等に釣り合いがとれていたが、ルーマニア最高司令部は第2方面軍に予定される攻撃の方向に沿って軍隊を集めた。こうして、ルーマニアのためにより有利な軍力的平衡をつくっていた。

>The combat units were as follows:
The 2nd Romanian Army had the following battle formations:
1st Order = 4th Army Corps - commanded by General Gheorghe Văleanu / 8th Infantry Division / 11th Brigade from the 6th Infantry Division
⇒戦闘部隊は以下の通りであった。:
ルーマニア第2方面軍は、以下の戦闘隊形を持っていた。:
第1隊形 = 第4軍団-ゲオルゲ・ヴァレアヌ将軍麾下 / 第8歩兵師団 / 第6の歩兵師団からの第11旅団

>In reserve:
6th Infantry Division less the 11th Brigade / 10th Vânători Regiment / 3rd Battalion from the 24th Infantry Regiment / 2nd Army Corps – commanded by General Artur Văitoianu / 6th Infantry Division less the 11th Brigade from the 4th Reserve Corps / 3rd Infantry Division
⇒予備軍:
第11旅団を除いた第6歩兵師団 / 第10ヴァナトリ連隊 / 第24歩兵連隊からの第3大隊 / 第2軍団-アルトゥル・ヴァィトイアヌ将軍麾下 / 第4予備軍団からの、第11旅団を除いた、第6歩兵師団 / 第3歩兵師団

>2nd Order = 1st Infantry Division less the 18th Regiment / 2 mountain artillery divisions / 1 heavy artillery division (152 mm) / 7 long cannon batteries and shell launchers
⇒第2隊形 = 第18連隊を除いた第1歩兵師団 / 山岳砲兵2個師団 / 重砲兵1個師団(152ミリ砲) / 長筒カノン砲班および発射班の7個中隊

>The Gerok Group contained:
Ruiz Group = 1 cavalry division / 1 infantry division / 8th Army Group
⇒ゲーロック・グループには以下が含まれた。:
ルイス・グループ = 騎兵隊1個師団 / 歩兵隊1個師団 / 第8方面軍グループ

投稿日時 - 2017-05-27 20:50:27

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-05-28 13:53:07

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