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Operations to increase British infantry losses in line with the instructions of 22 September were to continue. Gas bombardments of forward British infantry and artillery positions, were to be increased whenever the winds allowed. Every effort was to be made to induce the British to reinforce their forward positions, where the German artillery could engage them.  Between 26 September and 3 October, the Germans attacked at least 24 times.  Operation Hohensturm, a bigger German methodical counter-attack, intended to recapture the area around Zonnebeke was planned for 4 October.

Battle of the Menin Road Ridge


Wounded men at the side of a road after the Battle of Menin Road
The British plan for the battle fought from 20–25 September, included more emphasis on the use of heavy and medium artillery to destroy German concrete pill-boxes and machine-gun nests, which were more numerous in the battle zones being attacked and to engage in more counter-battery fire. The British had 575 heavy and medium and 720 field guns and howitzers, having more than doubled the quantity of artillery available at the Battle of Pilckem Ridge. Aircraft were to be used for systematic air observation of German troop movements, to avoid the failures of previous battles, where too few aircraft crews had been burdened with too many duties and had flown in bad weather. 
On 20 September, the Allies attacked on a 14,500 yards (13,300 m) front and captured most of their objectives, to a depth of about 1,500 yards (1,400 m) by mid-morning. The Germans made many counter-attacks, beginning around 3:00 p.m. until early evening, all of which failed to gain ground or made only a temporary penetration of the new British positions. The German defence had failed to stop a well-prepared attack made in good weather.  Minor attacks took place after 20 September, as both sides jockeyed for position and reorganised their defences. A mutually-costly attack by the Germans on 25 September, recaptured pillboxes at the south western end of Polygon Wood. Next day, the German positions near the wood were swept away in the Battle of Polygon Wood.

Battle of Polygon Wood ポリゴンの森の戦い

投稿日時 - 2017-06-06 21:32:51

QNo.9338052

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>Operations to increase British infantry losses in line with the instructions of 22 September were to continue. Gas bombardments of forward British infantry and artillery positions, were to be increased whenever the winds allowed. Every effort was to be made to induce the British to reinforce their forward positions, where the German artillery could engage them. Between 26 September and 3 October, the Germans attacked at least 24 times. Operation Hohensturm, a bigger German methodical counter-attack, intended to recapture the area around Zonnebeke was planned for 4 October.
⇒9月22日の指示を受けて、英国軍歩兵連隊の損失を増大させるための作戦行動が続くことになっていた。前方の英国歩兵連隊および砲兵隊陣地へのガス爆撃は、風が許すときはいつでも増やすことになっていた。英国軍にとっては、ドイツ軍砲兵隊が交戦を挑んでくる可能性があったので、前線基地を補強するよう説得するためにいろいろな努力が求められていた。9月26日から10月3日までの間に、ドイツ軍は少なくとも24回攻撃した。ゾンネベケ周辺の地域を奪還することを目的として、より大きいドイツ軍の秩序立った反撃「ホーヘンシュツルム(高地の嵐)作戦」が10月4日に計画された。

>Battle of the Menin Road Ridge
Wounded men at the side of a road after the Battle of Menin Road
The British plan for the battle fought from 20–25 September, included more emphasis on the use of heavy and medium artillery to destroy German concrete pill-boxes and machine-gun nests, which were more numerous in the battle zones being attacked and to engage in more counter-battery fire. The British had 575 heavy and medium and 720 field guns and howitzers, having more than doubled the quantity of artillery available at the Battle of Pilckem Ridge.
⇒「メニン道尾根の戦い」
「メニン道の戦い」の後、道端に横たわる負傷兵
9月20–25日に戦われる戦闘に関する英国軍の計画では、ドイツ軍のコンクリート製ピルボックス(弾薬庫)や機関銃巣を破壊するために、反砲兵隊の砲火がより多く交錯する交戦地帯で大型・中型大砲を使用することがより強く強調された。英国軍は、575門の大型・中型大砲と720門の野戦砲・榴弾砲を持っていて、「ピルケム尾根の戦い」で利用できる大砲の量を十分に倍加した。

>Aircraft were to be used for systematic air observation of German troop movements, to avoid the failures of previous battles, where too few aircraft crews had been burdened with too many duties and had flown in bad weather. On 20 September, the Allies attacked on a 14,500 yards (13,300 m) front and captured most of their objectives, to a depth of about 1,500 yards (1,400 m) by mid-morning.
⇒前哨戦の失敗を避けるために、ドイツ軍隊の展開状況に関する組織的航空観察用に航空機が使われることになっていたが、あまりに少ない航空機乗組員があまりに多くの仕事の負担をかけられて、悪天候の中を飛んだ。連合国軍は、9月20日午前半ばまでに、14,500ヤード(13,300m)長の前線を攻撃して、標的の大部分となる約1,500ヤード(1,400m)の奥行きを攻略した。

>The Germans made many counter-attacks, beginning around 3:00 p.m. until early evening, all of which failed to gain ground or made only a temporary penetration of the new British positions. The German defence had failed to stop a well-prepared attack made in good weather.
⇒ドイツ軍は、午後3時ごろ開始して夕方前までに多くの反撃をしたが、その全てが地面を獲得できず、わずかに新しい英国軍陣地に一時的な侵入をしただけであった。ドイツ軍の防御隊は、十分に準備された攻撃が、好天の中で行われたのを阻止することができなかった。

>Minor attacks took place after 20 September, as both sides jockeyed for position and reorganised their defences. A mutually-costly attack by the Germans on 25 September, recaptured pillboxes at the south western end of Polygon Wood. Next day, the German positions near the wood were swept away in the Battle of Polygon Wood.
⇒両者が有利な陣地を得ようとして、自軍の防衛隊を再編成したので、9月20日以後に小規模な攻撃が起こった。ドイツ軍は、相互に高くついた9月25日の攻撃でポリゴン森の南西端にあるピルボックスを奪回した。その翌日、森の近くのドイツ軍陣地は、「ポリゴン森の戦い」で一掃された。

投稿日時 - 2017-06-14 17:09:11

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-06-14 19:04:08

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