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On the right flank of the 2nd Canadian Division, the 12th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Division executed a diversionary operation which proved successful in drawing German retaliatory fire away from the main operation. Four hours later, the 11th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Division attempted to exploit the weakened German force by pushing strong patrols towards the centre of Lens. This ultimately failed as the Germans used local counter-attacks across the 4th Canadian Division's front to drive the patrols back to the city's outskirts.

Initial counter-attacks
In preparation for German counter-attacks, the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions began to reinforce and construct strong points immediately after capturing the first objective line. Within two hours of the start of the battle, the Germans began using their immediate reserves to mount local counter-attacks. Between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 a.m. on the morning of 15 August, the Germans executed four local attacks against Canadian positions. Each attack was repulsed due in large part to the work of forward artillery observers, who could now overlook some of the German positions. On one occasion, the counter-attack was only repulsed after engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. The Germans rapidly brought up seven additional battalions from the 4th Guards Division and 185th Division to reinforce the eight line battalions already in place. Over the following three days, the Germans executed no less than 21 counter-attacks against Canadian positions. A frontal attack against the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade on the afternoon of 15 August ultimately failed. A German attack against the 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade was initially successful with the Germans re-capturing Chicory Trench but were repulsed later the same afternoon.

Capture of Hill 70 and additional counter-attacks
The morning of 16 August was relatively quiet, with only a few attempts made by small German parties to approach the Canadian lines.

投稿日時 - 2017-07-06 23:23:58

QNo.9349130

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>On the right flank of the 2nd Canadian Division, the 12th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Division executed a diversionary operation which proved successful in drawing German retaliatory fire away from the main operation. Four hours later, the 11th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Division attempted to exploit the weakened German force by pushing strong patrols towards the centre of Lens. This ultimately failed as the Germans used local counter-attacks across the 4th Canadian Division's front to drive the patrols back to the city's outskirts.
⇒カナダ軍第2師団の右側面で、カナダ第4師団の第12歩兵旅団が実行した陽動作戦の行動がドイツ軍の報復砲火を主要な作戦活動から引き離すことに成功した、ということが判明した。4時間後に、ドイツ軍団の弱体化を利用してカナダ第4師団の第11歩兵旅団が、レンズの中心街の方へ強力なパトロールを強行しようとした。しかしこれは、最終的に失敗した。それというのも、ドイツ軍がカナダ第4師団の前線全体で局地反撃を行ってパトロール隊を都市の郊外に追い返したからである。

>Initial counter-attacks
In preparation for German counter-attacks, the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions began to reinforce and construct strong points immediately after capturing the first objective line. Within two hours of the start of the battle, the Germans began using their immediate reserves to mount local counter-attacks. Between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 a.m. on the morning of 15 August, the Germans executed four local attacks against Canadian positions.
⇒最初の反撃
ドイツ軍の反撃に対する準備で、カナダ軍第1、第2師団は、第1標的の戦線を占領した直後に、補強と強化地点の建設を始めた。戦闘開始の2時間以内に、ドイツ軍は局地の反撃を始めるために彼らの直属の予備軍を使い始めた。8月15日朝の午前7時と午前9時の間で、ドイツ軍はカナダ軍陣地に対する4か所の局地攻撃を実行した。

>Each attack was repulsed due in large part to the work of forward artillery observers, who could now overlook some of the German positions. On one occasion, the counter-attack was only repulsed after engaging in hand-to-hand fighting. The Germans rapidly brought up seven additional battalions from the 4th Guards Division and 185th Division to reinforce the eight line battalions already in place.
⇒各々の攻撃が、おもに前方の砲兵監視隊の働きによって撃退されたが、それというのも彼らはその時ドイツ軍陣地をおおよそ見渡すことができたからであった。ある時、反撃が接近した肉弾戦になった後に、ようやく撃退された(こともあった)。ドイツ軍は、すでに8本の戦線の適所に大隊を補強するため、第4警備師団と第185師団から追加用の7個大隊を素早く繰り出していた。

>Over the following three days, the Germans executed no less than 21 counter-attacks against Canadian positions. A frontal attack against the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade on the afternoon of 15 August ultimately failed. A German attack against the 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade was initially successful with the Germans re-capturing Chicory Trench but were repulsed later the same afternoon.
⇒次の3日間じゅう、ドイツ軍はカナダ軍陣地に対して21回もの反撃を実行した。8月15日の午後、カナダ第2歩兵旅団への正面攻撃は、最終的に失敗した。カナダ第4歩兵旅団へのドイツの攻撃は、まず最初はドイツ軍がチコリ塹壕を奪回するなどしてうまくいったが、同じ日の午後遅くにそれは撃退された。

>Capture of Hill 70 and additional counter-attacks
The morning of 16 August was relatively quiet, with only a few attempts made by small German parties to approach the Canadian lines.
⇒70番ヒルの攻略とさらなる反撃
8月16日の朝は、ドイツ軍の小部隊がカナダ軍の戦線に接近しようとする試みが2, 3あっただけで、比較的静かであった。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-11 20:04:53

お礼

かいとうありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-11 21:51:13

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