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At 06:45 [H Hour], 28 May 1918, American Soldiers of the 28th Infantry Regiment left their jump-off trenches following an hour-long artillery preparation. Part of the preparation was counter-battery fire directed at German artillery positions. A rolling barrage, advancing 100 meters every two minutes, was calculated to give the attacking troops time to keep up with it.
The 28th Infantry Regiment (Colonel Hansen Ely, commanding) plus two companies of the 18th Infantry, three machine-gun companies and a company of engineers (3,564 men), captured Cantigny from the German Eighteenth Army. The village was situated on high ground surrounded by woods, making it an ideal observation post for German artillery.
Because the Americans did not have them in sufficient quantity, the French provided air cover, 368 heavy artillery pieces, trench mortars, tanks, and flamethrowers. The French Schneider tanks were from the French 5th Tank Battalion. Their primary purpose was to eliminate German machine gun positions. With this massive support, and advancing on schedule behind the creeping artillery barrage, the 28th Infantry took the village in 30 minutes. It then continued on to its final objective roughly a half kilometer beyond the village. The first German counterattack, a small attack at 08:30 against the extreme right of the new American position, was easily repulsed, but German artillery bombarded the 28th Infantry for most of the day. At 17:10 the first large-scale counterattack took place, and a company of the 1st Battalion of the 26th Infantry commanded by Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. was used to reinforce a weak spot in the American line. Another German counterattack at 18:40 was also repulsed by a combination of artillery and Infantry defensive fire. A series of counterattacks over the next two days were also defeated by both American regiments, and the position held.
The Americans reduced the salient and expanded their front by approximately a mile. A minor success, its significance was overshadowed by the battle underway along the Aisne. The U.S. forces held their position with the loss of 1,603 casualties including 199 killed in action ; they captured 250 German prisoners. Matthew B. Juan, a Native American war hero, was killed during this battle.
The American success at Cantigny assured the French that American divisions could be entrusted in the line against the German offensive to take Paris. The victory at Cantigny was followed by attacks at Château-Thierry and Belleau Wood in the first half of June.

投稿日時 - 2018-04-28 19:13:46

QNo.9493135

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>At 06:45 [H Hour], 28 May 1918, American Soldiers of the 28th Infantry Regiment left their jump-off trenches following an hour-long artillery preparation. Part of the preparation was counter-battery fire directed at German artillery positions. A rolling barrage, advancing 100 meters every two minutes, was calculated to give the attacking troops time to keep up with it.
 The 28th Infantry Regiment (Colonel Hansen Ely, commanding) plus two companies of the 18th Infantry, three machine-gun companies and a company of engineers (3,564 men), captured Cantigny from the German Eighteenth Army. The village was situated on high ground surrounded by woods, making it an ideal observation post for German artillery.
⇒1918年5月28日06時45分(苦渋の時間)に、第28歩兵連隊の米国軍兵士は、1時間の砲兵準備の後、始発地点の塹壕を出た。準備の一部は、ドイツ軍の砲兵隊陣地を対象とした対砲兵隊反撃のためであった。2分ごとに100メートル進みながら陽動する集中砲撃を行って攻撃軍隊に歩調を合わせるための時間を与えるように計算された。
 第28歩兵連隊(ハンセン・エリー大佐が指揮)に加えて第18歩兵連隊の2個中隊、機関銃3個中隊および工兵1個中隊(3,564人)が、ドイツ第18方面軍(の掌中)からカンティニーを攻略した。その村は森に囲まれた高地に位置し、ドイツ軍砲兵隊にとって理想的な観測地点になっていた。

>Because the Americans did not have them in sufficient quantity, the French provided air cover, 368 heavy artillery pieces, trench mortars, tanks, and flamethrowers. The French Schneider tanks were from the French 5th Tank Battalion. Their primary purpose was to eliminate German machine gun positions. With this massive support, and advancing on schedule behind the creeping artillery barrage, the 28th Infantry took the village in 30 minutes. It then continued on to its final objective roughly a half kilometer beyond the village.
⇒米国軍は十分な兵器量を持っていなかったので、フランス軍が航空援護、368門の重砲、塹壕用迫撃砲、戦車、および火炎放射器を提供した。フランス軍のシュナイダー戦車は、フランス軍第5戦車大隊からの供与であった。彼らの主な目的は、ドイツ軍の機関銃用の陣地を抹殺することであった。この大規模な支援と、計画どおりの纏いつく集中砲撃の援護を受けながらの進軍により、第28歩兵連隊は30分間で村を奪取した。その後、連隊は村を約半キロメートル越えた最終標的に向かって進軍を続けた。

>The first German counterattack, a small attack at 08:30 against the extreme right of the new American position, was easily repulsed, but German artillery bombarded the 28th Infantry for most of the day. At 17:10 the first large-scale counterattack took place, and a company of the 1st Battalion of the 26th Infantry commanded by Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. was used to reinforce a weak spot in the American line. Another German counterattack at 18:40 was also repulsed by a combination of artillery and Infantry defensive fire. A series of counterattacks over the next two days were also defeated by both American regiments, and the position held.
⇒最初のドイツ軍の反撃、新しい米国軍陣地の右翼端に対して08時30分に行われた小規模な攻撃は簡単に撃退されたが、ドイツの砲兵隊はほとんど丸1日、第28歩兵隊を攻撃した。17時10分に最初の大規模な反撃が行われ、セオドア・ルーズベルト(ジュニア)少佐が指揮する第26歩兵連隊第1大隊所属の1個中隊が、米国軍の弱点を補強するために充用された。18時40分の、ドイツ軍のもう1つの反撃も、砲兵連隊の砲撃と歩兵連隊の防御射撃の組み合わせによって撃退された。次の2日間にわたる一連の反撃もまた、米国軍の両連隊によって排撃された。

>The Americans reduced the salient and expanded their front by approximately a mile. A minor success, its significance was overshadowed by the battle underway along the Aisne. The U.S. forces held their position with the loss of 1,603 casualties including 199 killed in action ; they captured 250 German prisoners. Matthew B. Juan, a Native American war hero, was killed during this battle.
 The American success at Cantigny assured the French that American divisions could be entrusted in the line against the German offensive to take Paris. The victory at Cantigny was followed by attacks at Château-Thierry and Belleau Wood in the first half of June.
⇒米国軍は(ドイツ軍の)突出部を削減し、自軍の前線を約1マイル拡張した。小規模の成功はあったが、エーヌに沿って進行中の戦闘によって、その重要性は影が薄れた。米国軍団は、この戦闘で199人の死亡者を含む1,603人の犠牲者という喪失を被りながらも、彼らの陣地を維持した。彼らは250人のドイツ軍捕虜を捕縛した。米国現地出身の戦争ヒーローであったマシュウ・B. ジュアンがこの戦闘で殺害された。
 カンティニーでの米国軍の成功は、パリを奪おうとするドイツ軍の攻撃に対する防御戦線が米国軍師団に任せられ得ることをフランス軍に保証した。カンティニーの勝利に次いで、シャトー=ティエリーおよびブロー・ウッドでの攻撃が6月上旬に続いた。

投稿日時 - 2018-05-05 09:46:22

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2018-05-05 16:00:17

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